I tried to solve it this way

But answer is not true where Did I go wrong?

I cannot read your jpeg clearly, but thank you for providing your work. As far as I can tell based on my poor reading of the jpeg, you made at least one error.

You cannot assume that $\infty * 0 = 0.$

Here is one way to attack the problem:

$\dfrac{x^3}{x^2 + 5} = \dfrac{x^3 + 5x^2 - 5x^2}{x^2 + 5} = \dfrac{x(x^2 + 5) - 5x^2}{x^2 + 5} = x + \dfrac{-\ 5x^2}{x^2 + 5} =$

$x + \dfrac{-\ 5x^2 - 25 + 25}{x^2 + 5} = x + \dfrac{-\ 5(x^2 + 5) + 25}{x^2 + 5} = x - 5 + \dfrac{25}{x^2 + 5}.$

With me so far? (You can get the same result using synthetic or long division.)

One of the laws of limits, speaking a bit loosely, is that the limit of a sum equals the sum of the limits.

$\displaystyle \therefore \lim_{x \rightarrow - \infty} \left ( \dfrac{x^3}{x^2 + 5} \right ) = \lim_{x \rightarrow - \infty} \left (x - 5 + \dfrac{25}{x^2 + 5} \right ) =$

$\displaystyle \lim_{x \rightarrow - \infty} (x) + \lim_{x \rightarrow -\infty} (-\ 5) + \lim_{x \rightarrow - \infty} \left ( \dfrac{25}{x^2 + 5} \right ) = - \ \infty - 5 + 0 = -\ \infty.$

Make sense?

EDIT: I see that Dan beat me to an answer.