A permutation matrix of order n is a matrix of size n X n, composed of 0 and 1, that the sum (in the field of real numbers) of elements for each of its columns and each row is equal to 1. Let Î»1, Î»2, ..., Î»5 be the proper numbers of the permutation of the order5. Find Î» âˆ— = min | Î»i |. With Gaussian elimination, i found that Î» = 1. However there must be 5 eigenvalues and there must be complex values. Hw are they being calculated?
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