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November 17th, 2013, 09:48 PM   #1
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Several questions on Arithmetic and Geometric progression

i hope i didn't make mistakes in presenting my answer for that wrongs steps are given no mark even if the answer is right....
since my answer sheet show no workings at all , i can only ask for help here.

1) Simplify

altho i write it as , but i don't know why....



but --> can someone show me how to do simplify this?

i think it is related to something like long division....but can anyone show me the steps and workings for these kind of simplification?

after all the question ask to find common ratio by just giving , c is a given constant.

(this is not related to ap and gp , but i would just like to know how to operate these types of equation for that it will come back in polynomial...



2) Finding Sn is minimum.. for an Arithmetic Progression

Given , find when it is minimum...

for AP , the turning point only has 1 so finding either

or should do fine right?

.
.
.
or



3) Given a geometric progression's first 3 terms , find the common ratio and the n value when the difference between S_{infinity} and S_{n} is less than \frac{1}{10^5}









common ratio ,

since r<1 , a=2

, S_{infinity}=\frac{a}{1-r}=\frac{8}{5}





}" />

}" />

square both side ,

}]^2" />

}]^2" />

}]^2" />

}]^2}{log 0.25}" />





because log cannot accept negative numbers....i squared both sides and ended up changing the original r value in order to get the answer.....or the actual method is different?
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November 18th, 2013, 07:26 AM   #2
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Re: Several questions on Arithmetic and Geometric progressio

Quote:
Originally Posted by rnck
i hope i didn't make mistakes in presenting my answer for that wrongs steps are given no mark even if the answer is right....
since my answer sheet show no workings at all , i can only ask for help here.

1) Simplify

altho i write it as , but i don't know why....
Whoever gave you this problem expects you to know that

Quote:


but --> can someone show me how to do simplify this?

i think it is related to something like long division....but can anyone show me the steps and workings for these kind of simplification?

after all the question ask to find common ratio by just giving , c is a given constant.
I don't understand what you are saying here.

Quote:
(this is not related to ap and gp , but i would just like to know how to operate these types of equation for that it will come back in polynomial...



[quote:5ts57luq]2) Finding Sn is minimum.. for an Arithmetic Progression

Given , find when it is minimum...
So . Complete the square: .

You know that a square is never negative so the quantity in the parentheses is never lower than .

Quote:
for AP , the turning point only has 1 so finding either

or should do fine right?

.
.
.
or



[quote:5ts57luq]3) Given a geometric progression's first 3 terms , find the common ratio and the n value when the difference between S_{infinity} and S_{n} is less than \frac{1}{10^5}



This is certainly NOT true! [latex]\frac{ar}{r}= a[latex] while .


Quote:
I have no idea where you got these numbers! There is no "-1/4" or "5" in the given numbers.
Rather, you know that the first three numbers of a geometric sequence are a, ar, and . Since you are told that the first three numbers are 2, -1/2, and 1/8, you know that a= 2 and ar= -1/2. Since a= 2, 2r= -1/2. What is r? Use the third term, 1/8, as a check. While I don't understand your logic, you have got the correct values.

Quote:


common ratio ,

since r<1 , a=2

, S_{infinity}=\frac{a}{1-r}=\frac{8}{5}





}" />

}" />

square both side ,

}]^2" />

}]^2" />

}]^2" />

}]^2}{log 0.25}" />





because log cannot accept negative numbers....i squared both sides and ended up changing the original r value in order to get the answer.....or the actual method is different?
[/quote:5ts57luq][/quote:5ts57luq]
There is no need to square both sides. For n odd, the left side will be negative so necessarily less than the right side which is positive. If n is even, [latex](-1/4)^n= (1/4)^n[latex]. So you must have }" />. Taking the (common) logarithm of both sides, " />.

Then so [latex]n= \dfrac{-5.2049}{.60206}= 8.646[/tex] so that the smallest n that works (rounding up to an integer) is 9.

It is easy to check. with n= 9, while [tex]\frac{2}{1- (-1/4)}= \frac{2}{5/4}= 8/5= 1.6. The difference is 0.000006... which is less than .
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November 18th, 2013, 01:34 PM   #3
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Re: Several questions on Arithmetic and Geometric progressio

1) 1-x = (1-x)(1+x). x = r^5.
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November 18th, 2013, 08:19 PM   #4
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Re: Several questions on Arithmetic and Geometric progressio



oh yea , he did taught that.....
__________________________________________________ _

i made a typo.....its

this is to made sure it is a geometric progression altho the question alrd says it is a GP.
the end value would get
-0.25 = -0.25
r = r
r = -0.25
__________________________________________________ __

So , i just need to write this as opening and start finding the n value..

, when n = even

when n is even ,}" />
.
.
.
n > blablabla..

therefore minimum value of n for}" /> is n=9 (because n is even when n > blablabla)
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