My Math Forum Disjoint open balls
 User Name Remember Me? Password

 Real Analysis Real Analysis Math Forum

 October 19th, 2013, 07:41 PM #1 Newbie   Joined: Sep 2013 Posts: 8 Thanks: 0 Disjoint open balls Trying to prove $B(x,r)\cap B(x',r'=\emptyset \leftrightarrow r+r'\leq d(x,x'" /> I can go the $\leftarrow$ direction but am having a very hard time proving $\rightarrow$ would really appreciate some help, thank you
 October 20th, 2013, 12:26 AM #2 Senior Member   Joined: Jun 2013 From: London, England Posts: 1,316 Thanks: 116 Re: Disjoint open balls It's not generally true, so you're going to need some other property of the metric space. E.g. it's not necessarily true if the metric space is disconnected. E.g. [0,1] U [2,3], consider B(1,3/4) and B(2, 3/4). It's only going to be true if you have the existence of points all the way between x and x'. For IR^n, you could consider the point x + r(x'-x)/d(x, x').
 October 20th, 2013, 07:07 AM #3 Newbie   Joined: Sep 2013 Posts: 8 Thanks: 0 Re: Disjoint open balls Thank you for responding.. sorry for not being specific, we're in R^n here. In what way could I consider that point when trying to prove the statement? Im not having any trouble seeing why this statement is true intuitively, formulating a formal proof is what I am finding difficult. In the left direction It's easy to assume the right side and directly show that an element of one ball is not an element of the other ball, but going the right direction I don't know where to begin. Are you suggesting I use the point you mentioned to do this?
 October 21st, 2013, 12:12 AM #4 Senior Member   Joined: Jun 2013 From: London, England Posts: 1,316 Thanks: 116 Re: Disjoint open balls First, consider closed balls, where you have strict inequality: $B[x,r]\cap B[x',r']=\emptyset \leftrightarrow r+r' < d(x,x=#39" /> $If \ r+r' \ge d(x,x', \ then \ y = x + \frac{r(x'-x)}{d(x,x'} \in B[x,r]\cap B[x',r']" /> And, in fact, if you have equality then y is the only point in the intersection. Think vectors! For open balls, you need to change r to r-a,where 0 < a < (r+r') - d(x,x').

 Tags balls, disjoint, open

 Thread Tools Display Modes Linear Mode

 Similar Threads Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post Skyer Algebra 3 January 6th, 2014 11:26 AM karel747 Real Analysis 2 December 9th, 2010 04:10 PM albert90 Real Analysis 1 December 8th, 2009 06:41 AM kleopatra Applied Math 0 June 26th, 2009 10:47 AM byron123 Advanced Statistics 2 September 10th, 2008 09:39 AM

 Contact - Home - Forums - Cryptocurrency Forum - Top