March 16th, 2018, 11:02 PM  #1 
Senior Member Joined: Jun 2014 From: USA Posts: 413 Thanks: 26  A Rational Game
This post is to set forth a little game that attempts to demonstrate something that I find to be intriguing about the real numbers. The game is one that takes place in a theoretical sense only. It starts by assuming we have two pieces of paper. On each is a line segment of length two: [0,2]. Each piece of paper is then stuck to a wall, one just above the other, so that the line segments on each piece of paper are perfectly aligned. This means the line segments on each piece of paper run parallel to each other and drawing a vertical line between each 0 and each 2 would form a rectangle. On the upper line segment we mark two numbers, $r$ and $r+1$, where: $$r \in \, (0,1\, ) \text{ and } r \notin \mathbb{Q}$$ On the lower line segment we mark two more numbers, $r’$ and $r’+1$, where: $$r’ > r,$$ $$r’ \in \, (0,1\, ),$$ $$r’ \notin \mathbb{Q}, \text{ and}$$ $$r’  r \notin \mathbb{Q}$$ We are now ready to start our game. The object of the game is to slide the top piece of paper horizontally to the right so as to make all of the rational numbers in $\, (r,r+1\, )$ align vertically with all of the rational numbers in $\, (r’,r’+1\, )$. Fortunately, for purposes of this game, we are given the ability to slide ‘perfectly’ given that this game takes place only in a theoretical sense. Despite our ability to slide the uppermost piece of paper with Godlike precision, it is seemingly still impossible to win the game. The length that we would have to slide the upper piece of paper to the right must be a rational number because sliding an irrational length to the right would imply that none of the rational numbers align (ie, a rational plus an irrational will always be irrational). However, if we slide a rational length to the right, then $r$ and $r’$ could not be vertically aligned. In that case, the Archimedean property of the real numbers would ensure that an infinite number of rational numbers on each number line could also not be vertically aligned. Therein lies what I feel is paradoxical. Seemingly, we should be able to slide the upper piece of paper so as to make all of the rational numbers on each line segment vertically aligned. If we choose to believe that we can in fact do so, then we contradict the standard view that the reals adhere to the Archimedean property which ensures there are an infinite number of rational numbers between any two irrational numbers. Is there anyone who shares in my view that we ought to be able to get each rational number vertically aligned so as to win the game? Assuming that my view is correct (and in noting that I am not asserting it is), what would this imply? 
March 17th, 2018, 07:30 AM  #2 
Senior Member Joined: Aug 2012 Posts: 2,082 Thanks: 595 
This seems a lot like the sliding thing we went around on a couple of years ago. Is it basically another variant on the same idea? ps  Here it is. Some Fun and Simple Questions About the Rationals Is this the same question in different form? Last edited by Maschke; March 17th, 2018 at 07:34 AM. 
March 17th, 2018, 08:37 AM  #3  
Senior Member Joined: Jun 2014 From: USA Posts: 413 Thanks: 26  Quote:
Although I understand the standard view as a rigorously proven mathematical concept, a part of me doesn't agree with it on a common sense level. I think we may assert too much based on the notion of what the infinite leads us to believe when perhaps we shouldn't be incorporating the infinite into rigorous mathematical arguments in the first place. There is no irrational that the rationals cannot approach down to an infinitesimal level and Physics could care less, for example, so why the need to distinguish between the two kinds of numbers? My common sense view is that the rationals must be alignable just as Achilles must catch the tortoise (see Zeno's paradoxes), but the math leads us to believe otherwise. I question the Archimedean property and with it many other things. Last edited by AplanisTophet; March 17th, 2018 at 08:44 AM.  
March 17th, 2018, 10:05 AM  #4 
Senior Member Joined: Aug 2012 Posts: 2,082 Thanks: 595  Thanks, I thought I was having a flashback. Can you please write a short and clear summary of your core issue? Your second post in this thread is handwavy and doesn't say anything. Frankly it's cranky. You know I've suggested before that the reason you come down so hard on Zylo is that you have a bit of the crank in you yourself. You denied it. So prove me wrong and write something clear and precise and sensible. You can't just say, "Ooh my intuition this and that so the Archimedean property is wrong and besides, physics!" and then bust some OTHER crank's chops. You're just projecting. You know that I'm not gratuitously attacking you. When you write math, I respond with math. When you get cranky, I call you cranky. That's fair. How about perhaps a numerical example to show your shifting issue. I'm sure you know that the difference of irrationals is usually irrational, so you can't hope to shift by an irrational and make the rationals line up or make a single point "fall off the end" which is what you were trying to do last time. Last edited by Maschke; March 17th, 2018 at 10:18 AM. 
March 17th, 2018, 12:17 PM  #5  
Senior Member Joined: Jun 2014 From: USA Posts: 413 Thanks: 26  You're not. Quote:
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That's impossible, seeing as how I didn't assert anything. Describing one's intuition ("common sense") without making an assertion is, by definition, not crankery. Nut job. Quote:
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Ditto. If I start declaring that Math is broken, you can call me a crank. That would be fair. Quote:
No, I wasn't trying to do that last time, which is part of the reason last time lasted so long. The moment you mentioned that I should gain a basic understanding of real analysis I read an introductory text on it and boom, all was understood. I'm cringing reading this last comment of yours. Seriously Maschke? Last edited by AplanisTophet; March 17th, 2018 at 12:19 PM.  
March 17th, 2018, 01:32 PM  #6 
Senior Member Joined: Aug 2012 Posts: 2,082 Thanks: 595 
Just post some math. I'll respond with some math. A small numeric example would be helpful. Like, $r_1 = \sqrt 2$ and $r_2 = \pi$ and we shift this by that and now the question is ... Just like that. And I think you're the one on drugs. If you insist on making personal attacks I can do that as well as anyone. WTF is wrong with you to say something like that about a member who isn't even here? And I live in the US where the vast majority of the population is whacked out on one substance or another, legal and otherwise. What of it? By the way I never encouraged Zylo. I do support free speech and a tolerant moderation policy that allows for alternative views. That includes your stuff too. Nobody here has spent more time working with your ideas than I have. "No good deed goes unpunished" as they say. Get back to the math. If you can explain your idea clearly I'll respond the best I can. Last edited by Maschke; March 17th, 2018 at 01:40 PM. 
March 17th, 2018, 02:24 PM  #7 
Senior Member Joined: Jun 2014 From: USA Posts: 413 Thanks: 26  Find the first line of text in the OP that isn't clear to you and I'll clarify. The OP is all math. It seems you already have. When it comes to Zylo, there is a slew of research regarding immersing one's self in something like mathematical research and its connection to mental illness. Cantor himself suffered, as did many other great mathematicians. It's not a laughing matter. I am concerned for Zylo and perhaps you should be too. It's not an attack on him. 
March 17th, 2018, 03:11 PM  #8  
Senior Member Joined: Aug 2012 Posts: 2,082 Thanks: 595  Quote:
 
March 17th, 2018, 05:49 PM  #9 
Math Team Joined: Nov 2014 From: Australia Posts: 689 Thanks: 244 
Here's my thoughts on the issue, in slightly handwavy terms: Imagine for a second we're not trying to align the rational numbers, but a sequence of randomly spaced dots. Obviously there's no guarantee that we can line up two sets of dots spread over different sections of the line. Having said that, this situation with the rationals is more complicated. Talking about the spacing of the rationals and whether they are "evenly spaced" makes little to no sense because of their density over the reals. In such cases where we are talking about arbitrarily small (or large) values, intuition is your enemy. Unfortunately, sometimes we have to convince ourselves that something is true because the maths says it is. As for assuming whether your intuition is correct and what the consequences would be, look up the explosion principle. 
March 17th, 2018, 07:02 PM  #10  
Senior Member Joined: Jun 2014 From: USA Posts: 413 Thanks: 26  Quote:
Because I am choosing to question the Archimedean property with this, I might ask what the explosion principle would imply if it were flawed. My hand waivy comparison was to assert that the paper will cross the point where the rationals align just as Achilles will pass the tortoise in Zeno’s paradoxes linked above. Zeno shows how the math suggests Achilles cannot pass the tortoise, but when viewed properly we know he does. Here, we also know the paper will pass the point where the rationals align even though the math implies it isn’t possible because we cannot compute the rational number by which to shift by.  

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