My Math Forum Closed set and closed ball

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 February 3rd, 2013, 10:58 AM #1 Senior Member   Joined: Apr 2012 Posts: 106 Thanks: 0 Closed set and closed ball Here is the claim: If set A is closed, then there exists a family of sets D, whose elements are closed balls, so that $\cap{D}= A$ Here is another claim: If set A is open, then there exist family D, whose elements are open balls, to that $\cup{D}= A$ Here is a try: i take X that is in $\cup{D}$. X is also in open D_n so it's neighbourghood is also in D_n. D_n is a part of $\cup{D}$, therefore neighbourghood of X is also in $\cup{D}$. Which means that open balls form an open set. I am not sure if this is a right way of thinking. What if it's reverse. So what happens if I take that x is in A?
 February 3rd, 2013, 01:24 PM #2 Global Moderator   Joined: May 2007 Posts: 6,660 Thanks: 648 Re: Closed set and closed ball The statement about open sets is correct and your proof is valid. The closed set statement is obviously false. Consider a closed set consisting of just two points. An intersection of closed balls will be connected or empty.
February 3rd, 2013, 01:33 PM   #3
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Re: Closed set and closed ball

Quote:
 Originally Posted by mathman The closed set statement is obviously false. Consider a closed set consisting of just two points. An intersection of closed balls will be connected or empty.
I think we can create the family of closed balls, so that their intersection will be equal to A.

February 4th, 2013, 01:49 PM   #4
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Re: Closed set and closed ball

Quote:
Originally Posted by Vasily
Quote:
 Originally Posted by mathman The closed set statement is obviously false. Consider a closed set consisting of just two points. An intersection of closed balls will be connected or empty.
I think we can create the family of closed balls, so that their intersection will be equal to A.
Construct a family of closed balls with intersection consists of two separated points?

Consider 1-d case. Closed balls are closed intervals. The intersection of two intervals is either empty or an interval. You can never get two separate pieces.

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