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April 22nd, 2013, 10:17 PM  #1 
Member Joined: Mar 2012 Posts: 60 Thanks: 0  simple probability
"Sam has 25 friends. What is the probability that at least one of Sam's friends has the same birthday as Sam?" Assume 365 days. Okay, I see two ways to solve this, 1p(no match) = 1(364/365)^25 = .006287 or 25 x p(of a match) = 25(1/365) = .00685 obviously .006287 does not = .006845. I am pretty sure the first method is correct, but I really don't see where I am going wrong. Each friend has a 1/365 chance of having the same birthday as Sam, and this chance happens 25 times ( 25 friends), thus a 25 times greater chance? I know I must be wrong, because if she had 366 friends, there would a probability greater than 1. I can also get the right answer if I think of it as a geometric series, but I really just can't shake off this innate, intuitive feeling that having 25 friends will increase the odds by 25 times. 
April 23rd, 2013, 09:37 AM  #2 
Global Moderator Joined: Dec 2006 Posts: 21,030 Thanks: 2260 
Your first method is correct, but 1(364/365)^25 = 0.0662879... = 0.0663 approximately, not .006287. Your second method is inaccurate, as it takes no account of the possibility that there is more than one match. Note that 25(1/365) = 0.06849315... = 0.0685 approximately, not .00685. 

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