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 June 12th, 2019, 02:26 PM #1 Member   Joined: Feb 2018 From: Iran Posts: 57 Thanks: 3 Relative motion in two dimension In a 300 m wide river, flowing with a velocity of 1 m/s, two boats, one with a velocity of v1 = 20 m/s relative to the Earth and the other with a velocity of v2 = 15 m/s relative to the river, start moving from point K, as shown in the figure. What will the distance between the boats be when they reach the other side of the river? June 12th, 2019, 02:45 PM #2 Math Team   Joined: Jul 2011 From: Texas Posts: 3,101 Thanks: 1677 boat #1 ... $v_{x_1} = 20\cos(37) + 1 \approx 17 \text{ m/s}$ $v_{y_1} = 20\sin(37) \approx 12 \text{ m/s}$ boat #2 $v_{x_2} = 15\cos(53) - 1 \approx 8 \text{ m/s}$ $v_{y_2} = 15\sin(53) \approx 12 \text{ m/s}$ Use the velocity in the y-direction to calculate the time required to displace 300 m for each boat, then determine their respective displacements in the x-direction from position K to determine $\Delta x_1 - \Delta x_2$ Thanks from topsquark June 12th, 2019, 11:16 PM   #3
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 Originally Posted by skeeter boat #1 ... $v_{x_1} = 20\cos(37) + 1 \approx 17 \text{ m/s}$ $v_{y_1} = 20\sin(37) \approx 12 \text{ m/s}$ boat #2 $v_{x_2} = 15\cos(53) - 1 \approx 8 \text{ m/s}$ $v_{y_2} = 15\sin(53) \approx 12 \text{ m/s}$ Use the velocity in the y-direction to calculate the time required to displace 300 m for each boat, then determine their respective displacements in the x-direction from position K to determine $\Delta x_1 - \Delta x_2$
Answer would be 625 but in my book it is 600 June 13th, 2019, 05:20 AM #4 Math Team   Joined: Jul 2011 From: Texas Posts: 3,101 Thanks: 1677 my mistake ... Boat #1’s velocity is w/respect to the earth ... that means its velocity in the x-direction already takes the current into account. $v_{x_1} = 16 \, m/s$ So, relative motion in the x direction is 16 - (-8 ) = 24 m/s 25 seconds to cross the river results in 600 m separation. Tags dimension, motion, relative Thread Tools Show Printable Version Email this Page Display Modes Linear Mode Switch to Hybrid Mode Switch to Threaded Mode Similar Threads Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post sweer6 New Users 4 May 21st, 2014 11:00 PM edwinandrew Physics 0 February 26th, 2014 04:30 PM Optimus Computer Science 2 February 12th, 2012 12:11 PM inkliing Calculus 1 March 2nd, 2010 01:46 PM Billy Madison Applied Math 2 November 18th, 2007 01:27 AM

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