 My Math Forum HELP!! Maths problem has been bugging me for too long

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 April 22nd, 2015, 05:08 AM #1 Newbie   Joined: Apr 2015 From: birmingham Posts: 1 Thanks: 0 HELP!! Maths problem has been bugging me for too long Hello I am new to this forum and have been driven here by a problem that has been keeping me up for far too long now... If you were to take a sphere and slice through it at any point, except the center line, what would be the formula for the volume of the section of sphere you have sliced off? I have spent far too long trying to work out what seems to be a simple problem Thus far I have established the derivative of the volume of a sphere to get the gradient at any point on the remaining section but am not totally sure this is the right track to be heading down! PLEASE HELP! April 22nd, 2015, 07:00 AM #2 Math Team   Joined: Jan 2015 From: Alabama Posts: 3,264 Thanks: 902 Have you taken a Calculus class? That is the technique you would want to use. Setting up a coordinate system so that the origin is at the center of the sphere, you can write its equation as $\displaystyle x^2+ y^2+ z^2= R^2$ where R is the radius of the sphere. We can take the plane slicing the sphere to be $\displaystyle z= z_0$. That plane cuts the sphere in the circle $\displaystyle x^2+ y^2+ z_0^2= R^2$ or $\displaystyle x^2+ y^2= R^2- z_0^2$, a circle of radius $\displaystyle \sqrt{(R^2- z_0^2}$. That tells us that with x going from $\displaystyle -\sqrt{(R^2- z_0^2}$ to $\displaystyle \sqrt{(R^2- z_0^2}$, y goes from $\displaystyle -\sqrt{R^2- z_0^2- x^2}$ to $\displaystyle \sqrt{R^2- z_0^2- x^2}$. And, for each (x, y), the height will be $\displaystyle z= \sqrt{R^2- x^2- y^2}- y_0$. We can find the volume of that by $\displaystyle \int_{-\sqrt{(R^2- z_0^2}}^{\sqrt{(R^2- z_0^2}} \int_{-\sqrt{R^2- z_0^2- x^2}}^{\sqrt{R^2- z_0^2- x^2}}\left(\sqrt{R^2- x^2- y^2}- y_0\right) dy dx$ April 22nd, 2015, 07:29 AM #3 Math Team   Joined: Dec 2013 From: Colombia Posts: 7,664 Thanks: 2643 Math Focus: Mainly analysis and algebra Rather than bothering with spherical coordinates, I would look at the volume of revolution about the $x$-axis between $x = -a$ and $x = b$ (where $0 \lt b \lt a$) of the semicircle $f(x) = \sqrt{a^2 - y^2}$. Also, take a look here. Tags bugging, formula, long, maths, problem Thread Tools Show Printable Version Email this Page Display Modes Linear Mode Switch to Hybrid Mode Switch to Threaded Mode Similar Threads Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post arturhie Algebra 1 August 15th, 2014 01:16 PM PerAA Computer Science 2 July 16th, 2014 11:07 PM mathkid Calculus 5 December 7th, 2012 08:13 PM EllisJarred Elementary Math 2 October 18th, 2012 01:51 PM amcnie Algebra 1 May 4th, 2011 08:13 AM

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