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January 20th, 2012, 02:42 PM  #1 
Math Team Joined: Nov 2010 From: Greece, Thessaloniki Posts: 1,989 Thanks: 133 Math Focus: pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre calculus  Romanian BaccalaoureatQuestion [color=#000000]Define a relation * on , such that which satisfies the associative property. Compute .[/color] 
January 20th, 2012, 03:09 PM  #2 
Senior Member Joined: Jul 2011 Posts: 245 Thanks: 0  Re: Romanian BaccalaoureatQuestion
I don't think this question is entirely clear. Is this to be taken to mean: Where: (Implying that the 2nd two is just a typo?) Or are you going for some wicked sequence that goes like this: where each number is repeated its own amount of times? I presume that's not the case, as that'd be on the scale of a Euler problem from project Euler. xD Edit: Offtopic, but you might be interested in this: http://projecteuler.net/ It is primarily computeresque and programmerfriendly problems, but they are quite interesting. 
January 20th, 2012, 05:20 PM  #3 
Senior Member Joined: Jul 2011 Posts: 245 Thanks: 0  Re: Romanian BaccalaoureatQuestion
Okay, so I know that * is commutative as well: OMG, I just made an awesome result: Define the following operator such that: This follows cleverly from the definition of *: You can get a quick answer to the original problem by making the various substitutions: WA can evaluate that product: http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=%5 ... 7D%7D3%29 So, Wow, my number sense is retarded. I just realized that the product is 0 because at , the product produces a 0. From that point on, it is forever 0. Hence the above result. edit: This is all assuming you made a typo. 
January 20th, 2012, 05:48 PM  #4  
Math Team Joined: Nov 2010 From: Greece, Thessaloniki Posts: 1,989 Thanks: 133 Math Focus: pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre pre calculus  Re: Romanian BaccalaoureatQuestion Quote:
In some parts I can't follow you. Hint: use the fact that for all .[/color]  
January 21st, 2012, 05:52 AM  #5 
Senior Member Joined: Oct 2011 From: Belgium Posts: 522 Thanks: 0  Re: Romanian BaccalaoureatQuestion
The reasoning of CherryPi was correct. Here the solution using the hint. 
January 21st, 2012, 09:56 AM  #6  
Senior Member Joined: Jul 2011 Posts: 245 Thanks: 0  Re: Romanian BaccalaoureatQuestion Quote:
When you perform the operation times, you result in a product with just a 3 on the outside. That's what I meant here: Quote:
It's just a pattern that follows from the operation's definition. (The "ad infinitum" part was particularly important. It meant that, if you kept doing this process over and over, you'd get the precise result involving the product and the addition of the 3 on the outside. It was also me being a bit lazy. :P Pardon me.)  
January 21st, 2012, 02:13 PM  #7 
Global Moderator Joined: Oct 2008 From: London, Ontario, Canada  The Forest City Posts: 7,593 Thanks: 937 Math Focus: Elementary mathematics and beyond  Re: Romanian BaccalaoureatQuestion
That's pretty good, CherryPi. I won't say I understand it in fine detail, but I think I do get the general idea, which is more than what I had when I first read the topic.

January 21st, 2012, 03:06 PM  #8 
Senior Member Joined: Jul 2011 Posts: 245 Thanks: 0  Re: Romanian BaccalaoureatQuestion
Thanks, Greg. I think it was easier to solve this generally, but it was kinda unilluminating until I actually related the general solution back to the problem.
