May 8th, 2016, 05:26 PM  #11 
Senior Member Joined: Jul 2012 From: DFW Area Posts: 642 Thanks: 99 Math Focus: Electrical Engineering Applications 
Here is the code. I did not bother to write subs or anything to streamline it. For the Cartesian coordinates integral note that: $\displaystyle \large{ \begin{align*} a&=radius_1 \\ b&= radius_2 \\ & \\ & \\ \frac{x^2}{a^2}+\frac{y^2}{b^2}&=1 \quad \text{take the derivative} \\ \frac{2x}{a^2}+\frac{2y}{b^2} \cdot \frac{dy}{dx}&=0 \\ \frac{dy}{dx}&=\frac{x}{y} \cdot \frac{b^2}{a^2} \end{align*}}$ Also note that the distance is calculated using: $\displaystyle \large \text{distance}=\int_{x1}^{x2} \sqrt{1+ \left (\frac{dy}{dx} \right)^2} \ \ dx$ The output is: 1.1430648330286153 0.8603881198782394 0.5777114067278637 2.0487611764144185 1.8297036794251913 2.0487607291792025 1.8297072744644216 The first three values are the parametric t values for S1, T, and S2 which are output only for a check. The next two values are the calculated values of the elliptic integral for S2_T and S1_T, respectively. The last two values are the calculated values of the Cartesian coordinates integral for S2_T and S1_T, respectively. All compare nicely with the WA values. This problem is not easy, and I realize that I have posted a lot of information (I learned a lot myself too). If you have any questions, please post and I, or another forum member, will try to answer. Code: # ellipse lengths posted on 20160508. quadrant 1 only! include Math alpha = Math::PI/5.0 # set here. radius_1 = 8.0 radius_2 = 5.0 L = 2.0 t_alpha = atan(radius_1*tan(alpha)/radius_2) # get parametric t value. x_alpha = radius_1*cos(t_alpha) y_alpha = radius_2*sin(t_alpha) slope = radius_2/tan(t_alpha)/radius_1 slope_angle = atan(slope) x_s1_L = x_alpha  L*cos(slope_angle) y_s1_L = y_alpha  L*sin(slope_angle) x_s2_L = x_alpha + L*cos(slope_angle) y_s2_L = y_alpha + L*sin(slope_angle) t_s1_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s1_L/radius_2/x_s1_L) t_s2_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s2_L/radius_2/x_s2_L) puts t_s1_alpha puts t_alpha puts t_s2_alpha # integration using elliptic integral. # s2. delta_t = 0.00001 sum = 0.0 t = t_alpha while t<t_s1_alpha m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 sin_sq = sin(t)**2.0 sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t += delta_t end puts puts sum # s1. sum = 0.0 t = t_alpha while t>t_s2_alpha m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 sin_sq = sin(t)**2.0 sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t = delta_t end puts sum # integrate using Cartesian coordinates. derivative is x*radius_2^2/y/radius_1^2 # s1. delta_x = 0.0001 x_s1 = radius_1*cos(t_s1_alpha) y_s1 = radius_2*sin(t_s1_alpha) sum = 0.0 x = x_alpha while x>=x_s1 y = radius_2*sqrt(1.0  (x/radius_1)**2.0) deriv = x*radius_2**2.0/y/radius_1**2.0 sum += sqrt(1.0+deriv**2.0)*delta_x x = delta_x end puts puts sum # s2. x_s2 = radius_1*cos(t_s2_alpha) y_s2 = radius_2*sin(t_s2_alpha) sum = 0.0 x = x_alpha while x<=x_s2 y = radius_2*sqrt(1.0  (x/radius_1)**2.0) deriv = x*radius_2**2.0/y/radius_1**2.0 sum += sqrt(1.0+deriv**2.0)*delta_x x += delta_x end puts sum 
May 11th, 2016, 01:34 PM  #12 
Member Joined: Jun 2012 Posts: 73 Thanks: 2 
Dear @jks, This is wonderful!!! Thank you so much for your effort and your time! I was wondering if I could ask you just one more question: I am not familiar with Ruby programming language. If would like to convert it to some other language, but what confuses me are two types of indentations which exist in your code. For example: Code: ... while t<t_s1_alpha m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 sin_sq = sin(t)**2.0 sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t += delta_t end ... Code: m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 sin_sq = sin(t)**2.0 Code: sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t += delta_t Thank you once again. Last edited by skipjack; May 11th, 2016 at 03:31 PM. 
May 11th, 2016, 07:41 PM  #13 
Senior Member Joined: Jul 2012 From: DFW Area Posts: 642 Thanks: 99 Math Focus: Electrical Engineering Applications 
Hi stgeorge, I apologize for the confusion. Unlike some other languages, indentation in Ruby is of no consequence in determining how it is parsed. The editor that I use sorts out my random tabs and spaces and presents the code nicely. Unfortunately, this did not translate well between the code tags in my post and I did not take the time to clean it up. Again, I apologize, and the code is reposted below, hopefully in more readable form. (Good grief, it didn't take long at all, I should have done this in the first place.) Code: # ellipse lengths posted on 20160508. quadrant 1 only! include Math alpha = Math::PI/5.0 # set here. radius_1 = 8.0 radius_2 = 5.0 L = 2.0 t_alpha = atan(radius_1*tan(alpha)/radius_2) # get parametric t value. x_alpha = radius_1*cos(t_alpha) y_alpha = radius_2*sin(t_alpha) slope = radius_2/tan(t_alpha)/radius_1 slope_angle = atan(slope) x_s1_L = x_alpha  L*cos(slope_angle) y_s1_L = y_alpha  L*sin(slope_angle) x_s2_L = x_alpha + L*cos(slope_angle) y_s2_L = y_alpha + L*sin(slope_angle) t_s1_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s1_L/radius_2/x_s1_L) t_s2_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s2_L/radius_2/x_s2_L) puts t_s1_alpha puts t_alpha puts t_s2_alpha # integration using elliptic integral. # s2. delta_t = 0.00001 sum = 0.0 t = t_alpha while t<t_s1_alpha m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 in_sq = sin(t)**2.0 sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t += delta_t end puts puts sum # s1. sum = 0.0 t = t_alpha while t>t_s2_alpha m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 sin_sq = sin(t)**2.0 sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t = delta_t end puts sum # integrate using Cartesian coordinates. derivative is x*radius_2^2/y/radius_1^2 # s1. delta_x = 0.0001 x_s1 = radius_1*cos(t_s1_alpha) y_s1 = radius_2*sin(t_s1_alpha) sum = 0.0 x = x_alpha while x>=x_s1 y = radius_2*sqrt(1.0  (x/radius_1)**2.0) deriv = x*radius_2**2.0/y/radius_1**2.0 sum += sqrt(1.0+deriv**2.0)*delta_x x = delta_x end puts puts sum # s2. x_s2 = radius_1*cos(t_s2_alpha) y_s2 = radius_2*sin(t_s2_alpha) sum = 0.0 x = x_alpha while x<=x_s2 y = radius_2*sqrt(1.0  (x/radius_1)**2.0) deriv = x*radius_2**2.0/y/radius_1**2.0 sum += sqrt(1.0+deriv**2.0)*delta_x x += delta_x end puts sum 
May 12th, 2016, 03:09 PM  #14 
Member Joined: Jun 2012 Posts: 73 Thanks: 2 
Dear @jks, Thank you once again!! I owe you a beer for all the help you gave me! I tried to replicate your Ruby script to python, but for some reason, I am not getting the same result as you for "sum" variable (all four times). The t_s1_alpha, t_alpha and t_s2_alpha are ok, though. Does Ruby's division character: "/" represent float division? 
May 12th, 2016, 03:43 PM  #15 
Senior Member Joined: Jul 2012 From: DFW Area Posts: 642 Thanks: 99 Math Focus: Electrical Engineering Applications 
Hi stgeorge, First of all, I am hoping that you found that I was a bit too aggressive in reformatting the code in the s2 integration and 'in_sq' should be 'sin_sq' (good grief, again). Yes, "/" represents float division as long as at least one of the numbers or variables is a Float (a member of the Float class). If both, or all are integers (class Fixnum), it is integer division. Example outputs: 3.5/7.0 = 0.5 3.5/7 = 0.5 3/7 = 0 21.0/7/2 = 1.5 21/7/2 = 1 Also note that, for example 3.5/7.0/2.0 = 0.25 so it is interpreted as: $\displaystyle \large \frac{3.5}{7.0 \cdot 2.0}=0.25$ and NOT $\displaystyle \large \frac{3.5}{\frac{7.0}{2.0}}=\frac{3.5 \cdot 2.0}{7.0}=1.0$ Is this perhaps the reason that your answers are different? 
May 12th, 2016, 04:26 PM  #16  
Member Joined: Jun 2012 Posts: 73 Thanks: 2 
Once again thank you for the reply jks. Quote:
Quote:
Quote:
I tried to replicate the code from your reply #13, and it looks I did not succeed. This is what I am getting printed: Quote:
Here is the python code. I am using 'for' loops instead, but they have the same purpose as your 'while' ones. It's just 'while' loops can sometimes crash my python interpreter, which I am trying to avoid. Jks I thank you for your help, the code and your time. I guess you can not do anything more to help me. I will try these days to see if I am making a mistake somewhere in the replicated python code. I will post the current one in here, just in case somebody notices what's wrong. Thank you once again. I owe you two beers now! Code: # ellipse lengths posted on 20160508. quadrant 1 only! # ported from Ruby code by "jks" user from: http://mymathforum.com/geometry/330993findlengthpartsellipse2.html from math import * alpha = pi/5.0 # set here. radius_1 = 8.0 radius_2 = 5.0 L = 2.0 t_alpha = atan(radius_1*tan(alpha)/radius_2) # get parametric t value. x_alpha = radius_1*cos(t_alpha) y_alpha = radius_2*sin(t_alpha) slope = radius_2/tan(t_alpha)/radius_1 slope_angle = atan(slope) x_s1_L = x_alpha  L*cos(slope_angle) y_s1_L = y_alpha  L*sin(slope_angle) x_s2_L = x_alpha + L*cos(slope_angle) y_s2_L = y_alpha + L*sin(slope_angle) t_s1_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s1_L/radius_2/x_s1_L) t_s2_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s2_L/radius_2/x_s2_L) print "t_s1_alpha: ", t_s1_alpha print "t_alpha: ", t_alpha print "t_s2_alpha: ", t_s2_alpha # integration using elliptic integral. # s2. delta_t = 0.00001 sum = 0.0 t = t_alpha for num1 in range(1000): if (t<t_s1_alpha): break m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 in_sq = sin(t)**2.0 sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t += delta_t print " " print "sum: ", sum # s1. sum = 0.0 t = t_alpha for num2 in range(1000): if (t>t_s2_alpha): break m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 sin_sq = sin(t)**2.0 sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t = delta_t print "sum: ", sum # integrate using Cartesian coordinates. derivative is x*radius_2^2/y/radius_1^2 # s1. delta_x = 0.0001 x_s1 = radius_1*cos(t_s1_alpha) y_s1 = radius_2*sin(t_s1_alpha) sum = 0.0 x = x_alpha for num3 in range(1000): if (x>=x_s1): break y = radius_2*sqrt(1.0  (x/radius_1)**2.0) deriv = x*radius_2**2.0/y/radius_1**2.0 sum += sqrt(1.0+deriv**2.0)*delta_x x = delta_x print " " print "sum: ", sum # s2. x_s2 = radius_1*cos(t_s2_alpha) y_s2 = radius_2*sin(t_s2_alpha) sum = 0.0 x = x_alpha for num4 in range(1000): if (x<=x_s2): break y = radius_2*sqrt(1.0  (x/radius_1)**2.0) deriv = x*radius_2**2.0/y/radius_1**2.0 sum += sqrt(1.0+deriv**2.0)*delta_x x += delta_x print "sum: ", sum  
May 12th, 2016, 04:40 PM  #17 
Senior Member Joined: Jul 2012 From: DFW Area Posts: 642 Thanks: 99 Math Focus: Electrical Engineering Applications 
Hi again, I just installed Python on my computer and I 'crash coursed' it (very basic). I only performed the S1 to T integrations (elliptic and Cartesian) and I came up with values similar to those of the Ruby script: EDIT: Sorry, I was cutting and pasting erroneously. I did actually mean S1 to T; Have I said 'good grief' in this thread before? 1.1430648331 0.860388119964 0.577711406822 2.04876117647 2.04876072913 Does this code work similarly for you? I will try to review your code in the meantime. Code: # ellipse lengths posted on 20160508. quadrant 1 only! # changed to Python. from math import * alpha = 3.141592654/5.0 # set here. note I just used 3.141592654 for Pi. radius_1 = 8.0 radius_2 = 5.0 L = 2.0 t_alpha = atan(radius_1*tan(alpha)/radius_2) # get parametric t value. x_alpha = radius_1*cos(t_alpha) y_alpha = radius_2*sin(t_alpha) slope = radius_2/tan(t_alpha)/radius_1 slope_angle = atan(slope) x_s1_L = x_alpha  L*cos(slope_angle) y_s1_L = y_alpha  L*sin(slope_angle) x_s2_L = x_alpha + L*cos(slope_angle) y_s2_L = y_alpha + L*sin(slope_angle) t_s1_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s1_L/radius_2/x_s1_L) t_s2_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s2_L/radius_2/x_s2_L) print t_s1_alpha, "\n" print t_alpha, "\n" print t_s2_alpha, "\n" # integration using elliptic integral. # s1. delta_t = 0.00001 sum = 0.0 t = t_alpha while t < t_s1_alpha: m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 sin_sq = sin(t)**2.0 sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t += delta_t print sum, "\n" # integrate using Cartesian coordinates. derivative is x*radius_2^2/y/radius_1^2 # s1. delta_x = 0.0001 x_s1 = radius_1*cos(t_s1_alpha) y_s1 = radius_2*sin(t_s1_alpha) sum = 0.0 x = x_alpha while x >= x_s1: y = radius_2*sqrt(1.0  (x/radius_1)**2.0) deriv = x*radius_2**2.0/y/radius_1**2.0 sum += sqrt(1.0+deriv**2.0)*delta_x x = delta_x print sum, "\n" Last edited by jks; May 12th, 2016 at 04:58 PM. 
May 12th, 2016, 04:51 PM  #18 
Member Joined: Jun 2012 Posts: 73 Thanks: 2 
Hi Jks, Yes, your last code from reply #17 worked perfectly! I got the same numbers you got! Maybe the confusion came due to my assumption that you corrected the 'in_sq' to 'sin_sq' in #s2, in your reply #13 code. I thank you once again for your help and your time. I truly owe you for this. I can not help you with math issues, but if there is something I can help you with, send me a private message. Kind regards from the other side of the Atlantic!! 
May 12th, 2016, 05:01 PM  #19  
Member Joined: Jun 2012 Posts: 73 Thanks: 2  Quote:
Again thank you for the help and your spare time!  
May 12th, 2016, 07:23 PM  #20 
Senior Member Joined: Jul 2012 From: DFW Area Posts: 642 Thanks: 99 Math Focus: Electrical Engineering Applications 
Hi stgeorge, Here is some code that gives the right answers for me and it uses 'for' loops since 'while' loops will sometimes crash your interpreter: Code: # ellipse lengths posted on 20160508. quadrant 1 only! # ported from Ruby code by "jks" user from: http://mymathforum.com/geometry/330993findlengthpartsellipse2.html # (modified by jks 20160509). see '#####' entries. from math import * alpha = pi/5.0 # set here. radius_1 = 8.0 radius_2 = 5.0 L = 2.0 t_alpha = atan(radius_1*tan(alpha)/radius_2) # get parametric t value. x_alpha = radius_1*cos(t_alpha) y_alpha = radius_2*sin(t_alpha) slope = radius_2/tan(t_alpha)/radius_1 slope_angle = atan(slope) x_s1_L = x_alpha  L*cos(slope_angle) y_s1_L = y_alpha  L*sin(slope_angle) x_s2_L = x_alpha + L*cos(slope_angle) y_s2_L = y_alpha + L*sin(slope_angle) t_s1_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s1_L/radius_2/x_s1_L) t_s2_alpha = atan(radius_1*y_s2_L/radius_2/x_s2_L) print "t_s1_alpha: ", t_s1_alpha print "t_alpha: ", t_alpha print "t_s2_alpha: ", t_s2_alpha # integration using elliptic integral. # s1. ##### was s2, my error. delta_t = 0.00001 sum = 0.0 t = t_alpha range1 = int((t_s1_alpha  t_alpha)/delta_t + 0.5) ##### added. for num1 in range(range1): ##### range1 instead of 1000. ##### if (t<t_s1_alpha): do not need (2 lines). ##### break m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 sin_sq = sin(t)**2.0 ##### sin_sq instead of in_sq, my error. sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t += delta_t print " " print "sum: ", sum # s2. ##### was s1, my error. sum = 0.0 t = t_alpha range1 = int((t_alpha  t_s2_alpha)/delta_t + 0.5) ##### added. for num2 in range(range1): ##### range1 instead of 1000. ##### if (t>t_s2_alpha): do not need (2 lines). ##### break m_sq = 1.0  (radius_1/radius_2)**2.0 sin_sq = sin(t)**2.0 sum += radius_2*(sqrt(1.0m_sq*sin_sq)*delta_t) t = delta_t print "sum: ", sum # integrate using Cartesian coordinates. derivative is x*radius_2^2/y/radius_1^2 # s1. delta_x = 0.0001 x_s1 = radius_1*cos(t_s1_alpha) y_s1 = radius_2*sin(t_s1_alpha) sum = 0.0 x = x_alpha range1 = int((x_alpha  x_s1)/delta_x + 0.5) ##### added. for num3 in range(range1): ##### range1 instead of 1000. ##### if (x>=x_s1): do not need (2 lines). ##### break y = radius_2*sqrt(1.0  (x/radius_1)**2.0) deriv = x*radius_2**2.0/y/radius_1**2.0 sum += sqrt(1.0+deriv**2.0)*delta_x x = delta_x print " " print "sum: ", sum # s2. x_s2 = radius_1*cos(t_s2_alpha) y_s2 = radius_2*sin(t_s2_alpha) sum = 0.0 x = x_alpha range1 = int((x_s2  x_alpha)/delta_x + 0.5) ##### added. for num4 in range(range1): ##### range1 instead of 1000. ##### if (x<=x_s2): do not need (2 lines). ##### break y = radius_2*sqrt(1.0  (x/radius_1)**2.0) deriv = x*radius_2**2.0/y/radius_1**2.0 sum += sqrt(1.0+deriv**2.0)*delta_x x += delta_x print "sum: ", sum 

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