
Elementary Math Fractions, Percentages, Word Problems, Equations, Inequations, Factorization, Expansion 
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May 26th, 2019, 12:01 AM  #1 
Newbie Joined: May 2019 From: Australia Posts: 8 Thanks: 0  Calculating amount left at the end of a repetitive cutting down cycle.
Let's say I have a group of X's characters that I want to cut down. I use a tool similar to 'findandreplaceall', which takes an amount of X's each time, deletes them, and replaces them with another, smaller amount. For example, I can state that I want an amount of 8 X's to be replaced with 5 X's from an original amount of 14 X's. This cycle happens forever, or until there isn't a sufficient remainder left to replace anymore. To visualise the example I just provided: (XXXXXXXX)XXXXXX > [XXXXX]XXXXXX (XXXXXXXX)XXX > [XXXXX]XXX (XXXXXXXX) > [XXXXX] So, you start with 14 X's and end with 5 X's, and the process carried out here can be summarised as '14, 11, 8, 5'. The process that was underwent in terms of finding and replacing can be described as (8,5) as 8 X's are replaced with 5 each time. Now, the question here is: 1. When you initially have a string of 1,000,000 X's, and apply the findandreplace process of (99,90), what is the summary of the process here? By summary of the process, I mean the '14, 11, 8, 5' which shows how many X's are left after each step. I tried solving this manually, starting the process summary as '1,000,000, 909,091, 826,453, 751,321, 683,020, 620,929, 564,481, 513,172, 466,525' however I realised this was a very inefficient way of solving this, and prone to mistakes. Can anyone help me do it in a better, easier way? ALSO FOLLOW UP QUESTION 2. For the (7,3) process, find all start lengths which eventually result in an end length of 6. I can see 10 being applicable for this, however manual testing every number to find a suitable match is also quite inefficient. If you can help me for this question too, please do. Also, please explain in more simple math terms, rather than using symbols (as I am still a beginner) Thank you! 
May 26th, 2019, 01:35 AM  #2 
Global Moderator Joined: Dec 2006 Posts: 20,819 Thanks: 2158 
For the (a, b) process, where a  b = d > 0, if the initial string has length c > a  1, the summary is 'c, c  d, ...' continuing until a value less than a is obtained. If c < a, the summary is 'c'. Hence the (7, 3) process ends in 6 only if the initial length is 6 or 10 or 14 or 18 etc. 
May 26th, 2019, 02:01 AM  #3  
Newbie Joined: May 2019 From: Australia Posts: 8 Thanks: 0  Quote:
 
May 26th, 2019, 04:40 AM  #4 
Global Moderator Joined: Dec 2006 Posts: 20,819 Thanks: 2158 
I defined c to be the length of the initial string, and d to be a  b, where the process is (a, b). I could have used other letters, but it seemed reasonable to use letters chosen in alphabetical order.

May 26th, 2019, 04:44 AM  #5 
Newbie Joined: May 2019 From: Australia Posts: 8 Thanks: 0  Ok thank you! Could you also possibly help me with the first part?

May 26th, 2019, 09:07 AM  #6 
Global Moderator Joined: Dec 2006 Posts: 20,819 Thanks: 2158 
For part (1), c = 1,000,000 and d = 99  90 = 9. If just one string replacement is done at a time, the process is (1000000, 999991, 999982, ... 199, 190, 181, 172, 163, 154, 145, 136, 127, 118, 109, 100, 91). If multiple replacements are done at a time, the process shortens to '1000000, 909091, 826453, 751321, 683020, 620929,564481, 513172, 466525, 424117, ... 199, 181, 172, 163, 154, 145, 136, 127, 118, 109, 100, 91', in which the last 11 values are the same as before. 

Tags 
amount, calculating, cutting, cycle, end, left, repetetive, repetitive 
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