
Elementary Math Fractions, Percentages, Word Problems, Equations, Inequations, Factorization, Expansion 
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November 13th, 2018, 12:24 AM  #1 
Senior Member Joined: Aug 2014 From: India Posts: 343 Thanks: 1  How to solve time and work problem?
Ajay and Sunil together can complete a piece of work in 10 days, Sunil and Sanjay in 15 days and Sanjay and Ajay in 20 days. They worked together for 6 days, and then Ajay leaves. Sunil and Sanjay worked together for 4 more days, and Sunil leaves. How long will Sanjay take to complete the work? A) Ajay and Sunil complete the work in 10 days; Aj + Su = 1/10 Sunil and Sanjay complete the work in 15 days; Su + Sa = 1/15 Sanjay and Ajay complete the work in 20 days; San + Aj = 1/25 Ajay, Sanjay and Sunil one day work if they worked together; 2Su + 2Aj + 2San = 1/10 + 1/15 + 1/25 Su + Aj + San = 1/2[1/10 + 1/15 + 1/25] Su + Aj + San = 1/2[13/60] Su + Aj + San = 13/120 Sunil, Sanjay and Ajay worked together for 6 days = 13/120*6 = 13/20 Su + Aj + San = 13/20 Sunil and Sanjay worked for 4 days after Ajay left = 1/15*4 = 4/15 Remaining work left for Sanjay alone = 1 – [13/20 + 4/15] → 1  (39+16)/60 → 1  55/60 = 5/60 = 1/12 I got answer 12 days but right answer is 10. Where I am doing wrong? 
November 13th, 2018, 12:44 AM  #2 
Senior Member Joined: Apr 2014 From: UK Posts: 895 Thanks: 328 
Your 3rd equation looks wrong: "Sanjay and Ajay complete the work in 20 days; San + Aj = 1/25" 
November 13th, 2018, 01:00 AM  #3 
Senior Member Joined: Sep 2015 From: USA Posts: 2,317 Thanks: 1230 
You made a typo on the 3rd line. You typed 25 instead of 20 and this error trickled down through the calculations. I suspect if you correct this and redo your working you'll get 10 days. 
November 13th, 2018, 06:37 AM  #4 
Math Team Joined: Oct 2011 From: Ottawa Ontario, Canada Posts: 13,981 Thanks: 994  
November 13th, 2018, 12:18 PM  #5  
Senior Member Joined: May 2016 From: USA Posts: 1,306 Thanks: 549  Quote:
$\text {Fraction of work done by Ajay in one day } = x.$ $\text {Fraction of work done by Sunil in one day } = y.$ $\text {Fraction of work done by Sanjay in one day } = z.$ You have three unknowns. Therefore you need three independent and consistent equations involving those unknowns. So translate what you are told into equations. $10x + 10y = 1 \implies x = \dfrac{1  10y}{10}.$ $15y + 15z = 1 \implies z = \dfrac{1  15y}{15}.$ $20x + 20z = 1 \implies$ $20 * \dfrac{1  10y}{10} + 20 * \dfrac{1  15y}{15} = 1 \implies$ $30 * \left ( 20 * \dfrac{1  10y}{10} + 20 * \dfrac{1  15y}{15} \right ) = 30 * 1 \implies 60(1  10y) + 40(1  15y) = 30 \implies$ $60  600y + 40  600y = 30 \implies 1200y = 70 \implies y = \dfrac{7}{120} \implies$ $x = \dfrac{1  10 * \dfrac{7}{120}}{10} = \dfrac{\dfrac{12}{12}  \dfrac{7}{12}}{10} = \dfrac{5}{12} * \dfrac{1}{10} = \dfrac{5}{120}.$ $y = \dfrac{7}{120} \implies z = \dfrac{1  15 * \dfrac{7}{120}}{15} = \dfrac{\dfrac{8}{8}  \dfrac{7}{8}}{15} = \dfrac{1}{8} * \dfrac{1}{15} = \dfrac{1}{120}.$ Before proceeding to the next step, check your work so far. $10 * \dfrac{5}{120} + 10 * \dfrac{7}{120} = \dfrac{50}{120} + \dfrac{70}{120} = \dfrac{120}{120} = 1.$ OK $15 * \dfrac{7}{120} + 15 * \dfrac{1}{120} = \dfrac{105}{120} + \dfrac{15}{120} = \dfrac{120}{120} = 1.$ OK $20 * \dfrac{5}{120} + 20 * \dfrac{1}{120} = \dfrac{100}{120} + \dfrac{20}{120} = \dfrac{120}{120} = 1.$ OK It checks. Now can you finish it?  

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