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February 24th, 2018, 11:44 AM   #1
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Math Focus: Calculus
Question How do I find the least number of elements in a series of sets?

I need help with this elementary set problem it states as follows:

In a toddler's room there are 120 toys, 95 of them uses batteries, 86 have wheels, 94 are red color, 110 are made of plastic, 100 emit sound. How many of the toys share all the characteristics?

Initially I thought upon building up a series of equations such as

$\textrm{I defined u as the unknown set which has all the elements}$

$\displaystyle b+u=95$

$\displaystyle w+u=86$

and so on, but then I thought that I can't assume that all the ones that uses batteries also includes the others characteristics. Since I have not good knowledge of set theory I'd like to get some help with this with a method that can be easy to follow. Thanks in advance.
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February 24th, 2018, 01:38 PM   #2
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There is not enough information. The maximum is 86. The minimum is a lot smaller.
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February 27th, 2018, 05:23 AM   #3
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The minimum number of toys that share all 5 characteristics is 5, as explained on math.stackexchange (question 2665013).
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