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 April 27th, 2014, 11:51 PM #1 Member   Joined: Oct 2009 Posts: 50 Thanks: 0 how to derive log approximation? Hello! This is probably an easy question. I'm trying to find out how to derive the log approximation of an exchange rate percentage change. So the actual change is: ( S[t+1] - St )/St How do you derive from this that an approximation is log(St+1) - log(St)? Thank you! May 2nd, 2014, 08:52 PM   #2
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by questioner1 So the actual change is: ( S[t+1] - St )/St
(S[t + 1] - St) / St
= (St + S - St) / St
= S / St
= 1 / t

...what are you asking?  May 2nd, 2014, 09:30 PM #3 Math Team   Joined: Dec 2013 From: Colombia Posts: 7,674 Thanks: 2654 Math Focus: Mainly analysis and algebra I think the OPs equation is not as you worked on, but $$\frac{s_{t+1} - s_t}{s_t} = \frac{s_{t+1}}{s_t}-1$$ Although, $$\log{\frac{s_{t+1} - s_t}{s_t}} = \log{\left(s_{t+1} - s_t\right)} - \log{s_t}$$ I don't know what the question is either. Last edited by v8archie; May 2nd, 2014 at 09:33 PM. May 3rd, 2014, 11:03 PM   #4
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by v8archie I think the OPs equation is not as you worked on, but $$\frac{s_{t+1} - s_t}{s_t} = \frac{s_{t+1}}{s_t}-1$$ Although, $$\log{\frac{s_{t+1} - s_t}{s_t}} = \log{\left(s_{t+1} - s_t\right)} - \log{s_t}$$ I don't know what the question is either.
Sorry, I didn't know how to make mathematical symbols, and I haven't formulated my question perfectly clearly, sorry.

The thing is, my textbook does this "derivation"/aproximation (the factis,I don't know what their doing...):
They assume:
$${r-r*} = \frac{S_{t+1}-S_{t}}{S_t}$$
And conclude from this that (This step I don't get):
$$r-r* = \log{S_{t+1}} - \log{S_t}$$

I understand your derivation, but its different from my textbook, since they don't take the log on both sides.
They're effectively saying:
$$\frac{S_{t+1}-S_{t}}{S_t} = \log{S_{t+1}} - \log{S_t}$$
And I don't understand why that would be true (or approximately true, since I don't know if its an aproximation or not.)

I hope my question is clearer now. Thanks for the help, either way!

Last edited by questioner1; May 3rd, 2014 at 11:10 PM. Tags approximation, derive, log Thread Tools Show Printable Version Email this Page Display Modes Linear Mode Switch to Hybrid Mode Switch to Threaded Mode Similar Threads Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post Solarmew Applied Math 16 May 2nd, 2012 09:09 PM dudetheman Calculus 2 January 18th, 2012 11:44 AM dmxnemesis Calculus 4 October 20th, 2010 03:38 PM NeuroFuzzy Calculus 14 September 18th, 2010 10:35 PM instereo911 Calculus 2 October 8th, 2009 02:55 PM

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