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June 4th, 2017, 11:13 AM  #1 
Newbie Joined: Jun 2017 From: Romania Posts: 1 Thanks: 0 Math Focus: All of it  General solutions for nonhomogeneous diff eq
Hey guys ! I have some troubles with these types of differential equations. I have to find the general solution of this eq : y''4y'+5y=e^(2s) I have found the general solution of the homogeneous part of this eq. Yh= e^(2s) * ( c1* cos s  c2 * sin s ) I hope it's correct. Well, my problem comes at the particular solution. I don't understand how to find it. Can anyone help me? Thank you ! 
June 4th, 2017, 01:11 PM  #2 
Math Team Joined: Jan 2015 From: Alabama Posts: 2,822 Thanks: 750 
Yes, that is the correct solution to the "associated homogeneous equation". I presume you know that the general solution to the entire equation is that general solution to the associated homogeneous equation plus a single solution to the entire equation. One method for finding that one solution, called "undetermined coefficients" is to look for a solution of the form $\displaystyle Pe^{2s}$ (we need to "determine" the coefficient P). If $\displaystyle y= Pe^{2s}$ then $\displaystyle y'= 2Pe^{2s}$ and $\displaystyle y''= 4Pe^{2s}$ so that $\displaystyle y'' 4y'+ 5y= 4Pe^{2s} 4Pe^{2s}+ 5Pe^{2s}= 5Pe^{2s}= e^{2s}$ so that P= 1/5. The general solution to the differential equation is $\displaystyle y(s)= e^{2s}(A cos(s)+ B sin(s))+ (1/5)e^{2s}$. Last edited by skipjack; June 5th, 2017 at 12:28 AM. 
June 5th, 2017, 12:25 AM  #3 
Global Moderator Joined: Dec 2006 Posts: 18,154 Thanks: 1418 
You slipped up; $P = 1$.


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diff, general, nonhomogeneous, solutions 
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