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April 18th, 2011, 06:56 AM   #1
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Solve second order differential equation(Euler's method)

Please, help me with solve of this equation:
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April 18th, 2011, 06:29 PM   #2
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y"(1) = 2e
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April 18th, 2011, 11:05 PM   #3
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Re: Solve second order differential equation(Euler's method)

First, let's find the solution satisfying the given conditions, then we'll employ Euler's method for comparison.

a) Find the solution to the corresponding homogeneous solution. The auxiliary equation is:

thus:



b) Find a particular solution, we can assume it will be of the form:



Substituting into the ODE gives:







Thus, the general solution is:





Now, we use initial conditions to determine the parameters:

(1)

(2)

Solving (2) for we find:



Substituting into (1) we get:



Thus, the solution satisfying the given conditions is:





To use Euler's method, we begin by converting the given IVP into an IVP for a system of first order equations. First, we express the ODE as:



Setting:





we obtain:





The initial conditions given transform to:

,

Recall, Euler's method is given recursively by:





Extending this to the system of equations, we have:







With h = 0.1, we have:








Step 0:





Step 1:





Step 2:


=-0.94563436343082" />
+0.2e^{1.1}=1.25322084 36194465" />

Step 3:





Step 4:





Step 5:





Step 6:





Step 7:





Step 8:


= 1.778352765765939" />
+0.2e^{1.7}=11.89185 1590745134" />

Step 9:





Step 10:



+0.2e^{1.9}=19.913 360570588" />

I expected a closer approximation than that. I don't know whether I've made an error or if the first order numerical method's convergence is to blame.
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April 19th, 2011, 07:57 AM   #4
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Re: Solve second order differential equation(Euler's method)

Dear MarkFL, I am so profoundly grateful to you for your help.
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