My Math Forum recursive integration,integration done, how to get formula

 Calculus Calculus Math Forum

 December 28th, 2014, 12:47 PM #1 Newbie   Joined: Nov 2014 From: kragujevac Posts: 8 Thanks: 0 recursive integration,integration done, how to get formula Hi there . I need to integrate function dx/sin^n (x). I did the integration part, i believe it is right. In=- In-2 -2/(n*sin^n(x) I am sorry for formula written like this , I am learning coding so I hope I'll soon be able to write it better. So now i thing the condition should be n>=2 and I started getting formula seperately for odd and even index but I can't see it ?
 December 28th, 2014, 01:40 PM #2 Math Team   Joined: Dec 2013 From: Colombia Posts: 7,509 Thanks: 2514 Math Focus: Mainly analysis and algebra \newcommand{\d}[1][x]{\,\mathrm d #1}\begin{align*} I_n &= \int \frac{\d}{\sin^n x} = \int \sin^{-n} x \d \\ &= \int \left(1-\cos^2 x\right) \sin^{-n-2} x \d \\ &= I_{n+2} - \int \underbrace{\cos x}_v \, \underbrace{\cos x \sin^{-n-2} x \d}_{\d[u]} & \text{by parts} \\ &= I_{n+2} + \cos x \, \frac{1}{n+1}\sin^{-n-1} x + \int \sin x \, \frac{1}{n+1}\sin^{-n-1} x \d \\ &= I_{n+2} + \frac{1}{n+1}\cos x \, \sin^{-n-1} x + \frac{1}{n+1}I_n \\ \frac{n+2}{n+1}I_n &= I_{n+2} + \frac{1}{n+1}\cos x \, \sin^{-(n+1)} x \\ I_{n+2} &= \frac{n+2}{n+1}I_{n} - \frac{1}{n+1} \cos x \, \sin^{-(n+1)}x \\[12pt] I_{n} &= \frac{n}{n-1}I_{n-2} - \frac{1}{n-1} \cos x \, \sin^{-(n-1)}x \qquad n \gt 1 \end{align*} It's possible that there are sign errors in there. There is no need for a separate formula for odd and even indices. We simply need to be able to evaluate $I_0$ and $I_1$ by other means (which we can). \begin{align*}I_1 &= \int \frac{\d}{\sin x} = \int \csc x \d \\ &= \int \frac{\csc x ( \csc x + \cot x )}{\csc x + \cot x} \d \\ &= -\int \frac{-\csc^2 x -\csc x \cot x}{\csc x + \cot x} \d \\ &= -\log {\left(A\left| \csc x + \cot x \right|\right)}\end{align*} Last edited by v8archie; December 28th, 2014 at 02:00 PM.

 Tags formula, integration, recursive

 Thread Tools Display Modes Linear Mode

 Similar Threads Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post bongantedd Algebra 7 September 22nd, 2013 12:43 AM Joe_65 Calculus 2 January 23rd, 2013 10:43 PM nappysnake Calculus 6 November 30th, 2011 06:29 AM zg12 Calculus 1 March 6th, 2010 11:57 AM brunojo New Users 1 November 30th, 2007 12:59 PM

 Contact - Home - Forums - Cryptocurrency Forum - Top