My Math Forum A cirlce inscribed inside a right triangle...

 Calculus Calculus Math Forum

May 10th, 2014, 08:40 AM   #1
Banned Camp

Joined: Dec 2013

Posts: 34
Thanks: 1

A cirlce inscribed inside a right triangle...

This is a 3-part question in my Calculus textbook, one of the challenge problems. I don't even think the part I'm having trouble with even requires calculus, but it's driving me nuts because I can't solve it. Here's the question:

Quote:
 Let ABC be a triangle with right angle A and hypotenuse a = BC. If the inscribed circle touches the hypotenuse at D, show that: $\displaystyle \left | CD \right |=\frac{1}{2}(\left | BC \right |+\left | AC \right |-\left | AB \right |)$
(circle is tangent at D)
C
|\...D
|......\
|_______\B
A

Now matter how I set this thing up, I can't algebraically organize |AB|, |AC|, |BC|, and |CD| in such a way that the previous equation results. Perhaps I lack the foresight? There's no typo here; pretending the triangle in the image was of 3,4,5 proportion gave me |CD|=2 by other means, as well as in the above equation. I think I'm on to something by assuming it is necessary to utilize the formula for the inradius,
$\displaystyle r =\frac{1}{2}(\left | AB \right |+\left | AC \right |-\left | BC \right |)$

Can someone do this and explain what they noticed that allowed them to get the answer? Thanks.

Last edited by chameleojack; May 10th, 2014 at 08:45 AM.

 May 10th, 2014, 08:50 AM #2 Senior Member     Joined: Nov 2013 From: Baku Posts: 502 Thanks: 56 Math Focus: Geometry Solutio.... It is easy. Let touch points be D, E, F. $\displaystyle BC=BD+DC. \; AC=CE+EF. \; AB= AF+FB.$ $\displaystyle And \; BD=BF=x, \; CD=CE=y, \; AE=AF=z.$ Therefore, $\displaystyle \frac{1}{2}(BC+AC-AB)=\frac{1}{2}[(x+y)+(z+y)-(x+z)]=\frac{1}{2} \cdot 2y = y.$
 May 10th, 2014, 08:59 AM #3 Banned Camp   Joined: Dec 2013 Posts: 34 Thanks: 1 aww! of course! isosceles triangles! I'm embarassed. Thanks for the fresh perspective! I was trying to derive the equation from scratch using Areas and Perimeter. Now I can do the calculus bit =j Last edited by chameleojack; May 10th, 2014 at 09:08 AM.
May 10th, 2014, 09:13 AM   #4
Senior Member

Joined: Nov 2013
From: Baku

Posts: 502
Thanks: 56

Math Focus: Geometry
Quote:
 Originally Posted by chameleojack aww! of course! isosceles triangles! I'm embarassed. Thanks for the fresh perspective! Now I can do the calculus bit =j
You should be embarassed more. It has nothing to do with isosceles. The shape does not matter.
Attached Images
 tria.png (11.3 KB, 0 views)

 May 10th, 2014, 06:43 PM #5 Banned Camp   Joined: Dec 2013 Posts: 34 Thanks: 1 Hey. Smart guy. Look at the picture! The points of tangency connect a chord that makes an isosceles triangle (that's how I was able to visualize the symmetry). You're bending over backward to make fun of me...and failing...for what? If you're only offering help so you can moan about how stupid the rest of us are, why don't go somewhere else?
 May 10th, 2014, 07:08 PM #6 Math Team   Joined: Dec 2013 From: Colombia Posts: 7,659 Thanks: 2635 Math Focus: Mainly analysis and algebra Do you think we could call a halt to this discussion?
 May 11th, 2014, 07:29 PM #7 Senior Member     Joined: Nov 2013 From: Baku Posts: 502 Thanks: 56 Math Focus: Geometry I don't moan and I don't mare fun, and I don't care whether you are backward or "forward".

 Tags cirlce, inscribed, inside, triangle

### parts of a cirlce maths

Click on a term to search for related topics.
 Thread Tools Display Modes Linear Mode

 Similar Threads Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post abowlofrice Algebra 8 March 3rd, 2019 01:16 AM galactus Calculus 5 September 3rd, 2015 01:45 PM sf7 Geometry 11 April 19th, 2014 07:05 AM Daltohn Calculus 11 October 27th, 2013 08:19 AM Daltohn Algebra 0 December 31st, 1969 04:00 PM

 Contact - Home - Forums - Cryptocurrency Forum - Top