June 29th, 2017, 12:20 PM  #1 
Member Joined: Dec 2016 From:  Posts: 54 Thanks: 10  Question about Fourier transforms
Hi all, I came up with the following question during a calculation. Suppose I have a function $f(x)$ defined only for $x>0$. Then the Fourier transform can be written as: \begin{eqnarray} f(p)=\int _{0}^{+\infty} dx e^{ipx}f(x)=\int _{\infty}^{+\infty} dx e^{ipx}f(x)\theta(x) \end{eqnarray} Now suppose I wanna split this Fourier transform into two components, so that: \begin{eqnarray} f(p)=f_{A}(p)+f_{0}(p) \end{eqnarray} where \begin{eqnarray} f_{A}(p)=\int_{0}^{A}dx e^{ipx}f(x) && f_{0}(x)=\int_{A}^{+\infty}dx e^{ipx}f(x) \end{eqnarray} Now, I calculate $f_{A}(p)=f(p)f_{0}(p)$. Then the question is the following: When I Fourier transform back $f_{A}(p)$, we have: \begin{eqnarray} f(x)_{A}=\int_{\infty}^{+\infty}(dp/2\pi)e^{ipx}f_{A}(p) \end{eqnarray} So is the function $f_{A}(x)$ defined in the region $x\in[0,A]$ only? Thank you ! 
June 29th, 2017, 01:15 PM  #2 
Math Team Joined: Dec 2013 From: Colombia Posts: 7,148 Thanks: 2386 Math Focus: Mainly analysis and algebra 
No. Your original function was implicitly defined on $(\infty,+\infty)$ with $f(x)=0$ for $x \lt 0$. Work it through for $$f(x)=\begin{cases}0 & (x \lt 0) \\ 1 & (x \ge 0)\end{cases}$$ Last edited by v8archie; June 29th, 2017 at 01:19 PM. 
June 29th, 2017, 02:33 PM  #3 
Member Joined: Dec 2016 From:  Posts: 54 Thanks: 10  Ok, so does that mean that $f_{A}(x)$ is defined in $x\in (\infty,+\infty)$ then?


Tags 
fourier, question, transforms 
Thread Tools  
Display Modes  

Similar Threads  
Thread  Thread Starter  Forum  Replies  Last Post 
Fourier transforms  weirddave  Applied Math  4  May 8th, 2014 12:44 AM 
Fourier Transforms and QM  Anamitra Palit  Physics  3  August 25th, 2012 10:19 PM 
Fourier Transforms over space  Singularity  Real Analysis  0  August 19th, 2010 09:58 AM 
Fourier Transforms  nick2price  Algebra  1  May 6th, 2009 05:56 AM 
Fourier transforms: Domains  martin_n  Applied Math  1  October 18th, 2008 01:22 PM 