My Math Forum Can someone show me the quickest and easiest way to integrate this..?

 Calculus Calculus Math Forum

 February 14th, 2017, 03:21 AM #1 Senior Member   Joined: Jul 2013 From: United Kingdom Posts: 471 Thanks: 40 Can someone show me the quickest and easiest way to integrate this..? Can someone show me the quickest and easiest way to integrate this..? $\displaystyle \int { \sqrt { { a }^{ 2 }-{ x }^{ 2 } } } dx$ Please leave your step by step instructions below. Thankyou very much indeed!!
 February 14th, 2017, 04:23 AM #2 Math Team     Joined: Jul 2011 From: Texas Posts: 2,982 Thanks: 1575 The fastest way would be to reference a table of integrals. Look at #8 in the link Table Failing that, I'd use the trig substitution $x=a\sin{t} \implies dx= a\cos{t} \, dt$ $\displaystyle \int \sqrt{a*2 - a^2\sin^2{t}} \cdot a\cos{t} \, dt$ $\displaystyle a \int \sqrt{a^2(1-\sin^2{t})} \cos{t} \, dt$ $\displaystyle a^2 \int \cos^2{t} \, dt$ use the trig identity $\cos^2{t} = \dfrac{1+\cos(2t)}{2}$ $\displaystyle \dfrac{a^2}{2} \int 1+\cos(2t) \, dt$ $\dfrac{a^2}{2}\bigg[t + \dfrac{\sin(2t)}{2}\bigg]+C$ $x=a\sin{t} \implies t = \arcsin\left(\dfrac{x}{a}\right) \text{ and } \cos{t} = \dfrac{\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}{a}$ therefore, $\sin(2t)=2\sin{t}\cos{t}=2 \cdot \dfrac{x}{a} \cdot \dfrac{\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}{a} = \dfrac{2x\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}{a^2}$ substitution back into the antiderivative ... $\dfrac{a^2}{2}\bigg[\arcsin\left(\dfrac{x}{a}\right) + \dfrac{x\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}{a^2} \bigg]+C$ $\dfrac{a^2}{2}\arcsin\left(\dfrac{x}{a}\right)+ \dfrac{x\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}{2}+C$ Thanks from perfect_world
 February 14th, 2017, 05:43 AM #3 Senior Member   Joined: Jul 2013 From: United Kingdom Posts: 471 Thanks: 40 I think you complicated the final bit... But nevertheless, you provided the answer I was looking for. Many thanks.
February 14th, 2017, 06:38 AM   #4
Math Team

Joined: Jul 2011
From: Texas

Posts: 2,982
Thanks: 1575

Quote:
 Originally Posted by skeeter The fastest way would be to reference a table of integrals. Look at #8 in the link Table Failing that, I'd use the trig substitution $x=a\sin{t} \implies dx= a\cos{t} \, dt$ $\displaystyle \int \sqrt{\color{red}{a^2}-a^2\sin^2{t}} \cdot a\cos{t} \, dt$
corrected typo ...

Quote:
 I think you complicated the final bit ...
So, how would you "uncomplicate" it? Always willing to learn new integration techniques.

 February 19th, 2017, 02:15 AM #5 Newbie   Joined: Feb 2017 From: India Posts: 4 Thanks: 0 Sent from my Micromax AQ4502 using Tapatalk
 February 19th, 2017, 03:34 AM #6 Math Team     Joined: May 2013 From: The Astral plane Posts: 2,230 Thanks: 908 Math Focus: Wibbly wobbly timey-wimey stuff. @Soumyadip Sorry, but I've seen Egyptian hieroglyphs that are easier to read. If someone else can read it then fine but otherwise could you write it out more slowly? It looks to me like your writing is bad due to how fast you are writing. -Dan
 February 19th, 2017, 05:32 AM #7 Math Team   Joined: Dec 2013 From: Colombia Posts: 7,671 Thanks: 2651 Math Focus: Mainly analysis and algebra It's an approach that works, but whatever method one uses to evaluate $\displaystyle \int \frac{1}{\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}\,\mathrm dx$ (table of integrals, trigonometric substitution) works equally well for the original integral, so you've essentially just added a step.
 February 19th, 2017, 07:51 AM #8 Newbie   Joined: Feb 2017 From: India Posts: 4 Thanks: 0 OK I'm sry for my bad handwriting It's in my habit. U can integrate the function easily by parts Taking sqrt(a^2 - x^2) as the 1st part and 1 as the 2nd one.. Sent from my Micromax AQ4502 using Tapatalk

 Tags easiest, integrate, quickest, show

 Thread Tools Display Modes Linear Mode

 Similar Threads Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post sippindatbong Algebra 1 June 6th, 2015 04:34 AM mathLover Applied Math 1 December 3rd, 2012 02:34 PM

 Contact - Home - Forums - Cryptocurrency Forum - Top