
Calculus Calculus Math Forum 
 LinkBack  Thread Tools  Display Modes 
November 10th, 2016, 09:00 AM  #1 
Member Joined: Oct 2016 From: Sverige Posts: 32 Thanks: 2  Find all points on surface whose tangent plane is parallel to given plane
This is a common question found online yet I just can't seem to get it right myself. The surface:$\displaystyle x^2 + y^2  z^2  14 = 0$ The plane: $\displaystyle x2y+3z  5 = 0$ Find all points on surface that are parallel with the plane. I try find the gradient of the surface, which is: $\displaystyle <2x, 2y, 2z>$ This gradient should be parallel with the normal of the plane, which is $\displaystyle <1,2,3>$ Now let's find the points that gives me this normal. 2x = 1 => x = 1 2y = 2 => y = 1 2z = 3 => z = 3/2 So the point is:$\displaystyle (1,1,3/2)$ This is wrong, the answer is +sqrt(5/14)*(1,2,3) Where are they pulling these numbers? Last edited by skipjack; November 11th, 2016 at 02:26 PM. 
November 11th, 2016, 03:39 AM  #2 
Math Team Joined: Jan 2015 From: Alabama Posts: 3,264 Thanks: 902 
You were asked to find a point on the surface where the tangent plane is parallel to the given plane, not the same as the tangent plane. If x= 1, y= 2, z= 3/2, then $\displaystyle x^2+ y^2 z^2= 1+ 4+ 9/4= (4+ 16+ 9)/4= 29/4$ not 14. The point you found is not on the surface. Your mistake was setting the two vectors equal instead of just parallel. Yes, a normal to the surface is of the form <2x, 2y, 2z> and a vector normal to the plane is <1, 2, 3>. So we must have <2x, 2y, 2z>= a<1, 2, 3> for some number a. We must also have $\displaystyle x^2+ y^2 z^2= 14$. So we have the four equations 2x= a 2y= 2a 2z= 3a $\displaystyle x^2+ y^2 z^2= 14$ to solve for the four unknowns, x, y, z, and a. Since you are asked only to find x, y, and z, not a, the first thing I would do is divide one equation by another to eliminate a. Dividing the second equation by the first gives $\displaystyle \frac{y}{x}= 2$ so y= 2x. Dividing the third equation by the first gives $\displaystyle \frac{z}{x}= 3$ so [math]z=3x[/tex]. Put those into $\displaystyle x^2+ y^2 z^2= 14$ and solve for x. Last edited by Country Boy; November 11th, 2016 at 03:49 AM. 
November 11th, 2016, 01:59 PM  #3  
Global Moderator Joined: May 2007 Posts: 6,786 Thanks: 708  Quote:
 
November 12th, 2016, 06:14 AM  #4 
Math Team Joined: Jan 2015 From: Alabama Posts: 3,264 Thanks: 902 
I did not complete that calculation but what that result means is that there is no place on the surface where the tangent plane is parallel to the given plane.

November 12th, 2016, 06:51 AM  #5 
Member Joined: Oct 2016 From: Sverige Posts: 32 Thanks: 2 
I wrote it wrong here, the equation was x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 5 But with that help you gave me I managed to solve it and get correct answer. Thanks man! 

Tags 
find, parallel, pararell, plane, points, surface, tangent, tangentplane 
Search tags for this page 
calculus all points on this surface where the tangent plane to the surface is parallel to the plane,ο¬nd all points on this surface where the tangent plane to the surface is parallel to the plane,find all points on the surface at which the tangent plane is parallel to the plane,find all the points on the surface
Click on a term to search for related topics.

Thread Tools  
Display Modes  

Similar Threads  
Thread  Thread Starter  Forum  Replies  Last Post 
2 Points in R3 and 1 point on plane. How to find equation of plane?  extreme112  Linear Algebra  2  October 13th, 2015 07:34 AM 
Finding a vector that is parallel to a plane  noobinmath  Calculus  2  April 6th, 2015 07:53 AM 
Analytical Geometry: Parallel line and plane  tomkoolen  Geometry  0  January 24th, 2013 02:42 PM 
Vector Calculus points on tangent plane  1thoughtMaze1  Calculus  2  November 3rd, 2011 07:00 AM 
Find a fitting plane to given 3d points  maulik13  Applied Math  4  September 20th, 2011 02:03 PM 