My Math Forum Rolle's Theorem Help

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 March 17th, 2016, 09:17 AM #1 Newbie   Joined: Feb 2016 From: Fort Worth Posts: 8 Thanks: 0 Rolle's Theorem Help Ok, so after I find the derivative to set f'(c)=0 on the explanations it just skips a bunch of steps saying that: 3(x^2)-12x+11=0 when x=(6+-sqrt3)/3 Can someone explain step by step so i can apply it to other problems? Thanks in advance.
 March 17th, 2016, 09:46 AM #2 Senior Member   Joined: Dec 2012 From: Hong Kong Posts: 853 Thanks: 311 Math Focus: Stochastic processes, statistical inference, data mining, computational linguistics Pretty sure that's just the quadratic formula. $\displaystyle x = \frac{-(-12) \pm \sqrt{(-12)^2 - 4(3)(11)}}{2(3)}=\frac{12 \pm \sqrt{12}}{6}=\frac{12 \pm 2\sqrt{3}}{6}=\frac{6\pm \sqrt{3}}{3}$ Thanks from Azilips
 March 17th, 2016, 09:47 AM #3 Math Team   Joined: Dec 2013 From: Colombia Posts: 7,690 Thanks: 2669 Math Focus: Mainly analysis and algebra That just looks like an example to me, but it's hard to tell without knowing what the book says.
March 17th, 2016, 09:56 AM   #4
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Quote:
 Originally Posted by v8archie That just looks like an example to me, but it's hard to tell without knowing what the book says.
Presumably it's a question where you have to verify Rolle's theorem. It's already shown that f(a) = f(b) where a, b are the two endpoints, the original function is a polynomial (and hence is differentiable and continuous everywhere), and $\displaystyle f'(x) = 3x^2-12x+11$.

 March 17th, 2016, 11:46 AM #5 Math Team   Joined: Jan 2015 From: Alabama Posts: 3,264 Thanks: 902 Are you asking how to solve that quadratic equation? If there is no simple factoring, I prefer to "complete the square". From $\displaystyle 3x^2- 12x+ 11= 0$, subtract 11 from both sides and factor a "3" out of the left: $\displaystyle 3(x^2- 4x)= -11$. Divide both sides by 3: $\displaystyle x^2- 4x= \frac{-11}{3}$. Adding 4 to both sides "completes the square" on the left: $\displaystyle x^2- 4x+ 4= (x- 2)^2= 4- \frac{11}{3}= \frac{12}{3}- \frac{11}{3}= \frac{1}{3}$. Taking the square roots of both sides, $\displaystyle x- 2= \pm\sqrt{\frac{1}{3}}= \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$. Adding 2 to both sides $\displaystyle x= 2\pm \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}= \frac{6\pm\sqrt{3}}{3}$. If you apply those steps to the general quadratic, $\displaystyle ax^2+ bx+ c= 0$, you get the "quadratic formula" 123qwerty refers to, $\displaystyle x= \frac{-b\pm\sqrt{b^2- 4ac}}{2a}$. Thanks from Azilips

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