October 18th, 2009, 04:42 AM  #1 
Newbie Joined: Oct 2008 Posts: 6 Thanks: 0  logic question
My logic is not working. Someone pls help me out. Here the question is : On the M53 is a sign Warrington 20. Just over half a mile further on is another sign ‘Warrington 19’. This is not surprising, since the distances are rounded to the nearest whole number of miles e.g numbers of 4.5 and over but less than 5.5 become 5, numbers of 4 and over but less than 4.5 become 4. Half a mile further along the road is a sign showing ‘Warrington 18’. The distance must now be between ? A) 17.5 miles and 17.6 miles B) 17.6 miles and 18.0 miles C) 18.0 miles and 18.2 miles D) 18.2 miles and 18.4 miles E) 18.4 miles and 18.5 miles Thanks a ton. 
October 18th, 2009, 05:09 AM  #2 
Senior Member Joined: Mar 2007 Posts: 428 Thanks: 0  Re: logic question
You're welcome. What reasoning did you apply yet to each statement?

October 18th, 2009, 07:04 AM  #3 
Global Moderator Joined: Dec 2006 Posts: 18,250 Thanks: 1439 
The answer needn't mention the Warrington 19 sign. Is it clear that the Warrington 20 sign is at least 19.5 miles from Warrington (due to rounding)? If "a little over" a mile is less than 1.1 miles, the Warrington 18 sign must be more than how far from Warrington? Also, it must be less than how far from Warrington? The answers are the distances to look for in the list of candidate answers. 
October 18th, 2009, 09:37 AM  #4  
Newbie Joined: Oct 2008 Posts: 6 Thanks: 0  Re: Quote:
Warrington 20  the 20 here refers to the distance from Warrington. in the begining , over a half a mile away from W 20 , so the distance from Warrington can now be 19.4 , 19.3 .. anything less than 19.5 .. The distance becomes W 19 due to rounding . Now , it says half a mile away from W19 , so its 18.5 away .. but when you round it off , it becomes 19 .. supposedly to be 18 ??  
October 18th, 2009, 12:32 PM  #5 
Global Moderator Joined: Dec 2006 Posts: 18,250 Thanks: 1439 
Try to be more concise. You made a slip at the end by saying "so it's 18.5 away". The distance of W19 is 19 after rounding, not exactly 19. If, for example, W19 is 18.95 miles from Warrington, W18 will be 18.45 miles from Warrington, which does round to 18 miles. Try again to follow the method I outlined previously. If you bear in mind that the distance from W20 to W18 is a little over 1 mile, the questions I asked should be quite easy to answer (without considering W19 at all). 
October 18th, 2009, 10:14 PM  #6  
Newbie Joined: Oct 2008 Posts: 6 Thanks: 0  Re: Quote:
Firstly , W20 must be at least 19.5 miles from W . Then it says here W19 is just over half a mile which assumed to be 0.6 from W20 . How do we know the assumption we made above ' more than half a mile is 0.6 is valid , cant it be 0.7 ? I just realised you have given me the answer , which is E .  
October 19th, 2009, 06:08 PM  #7 
Newbie Joined: Oct 2009 Posts: 1 Thanks: 0  Re: logic question
Skipjack, you read that the question said "just over a mile," when it says "just over half a mile." I was confused about this too, but just figured it out. From the 20mile marker, we know that the driver has gone just over a mile total ("just over half a mile" to 19, then half a mile to 1. Let's assume the driver has traveled 1.1 miles. So while it seems like the answer should be essentially 19 miles away, the trick is that the original 20 sign could be almost .5 miles off. So at worst, the 20 mile sign would have been at approx 19.519.6, at which point the 18 mile one would be around 18.418.5, which would also let the 18mile marker be accurate by the question's definition (roundable to 1. 
October 19th, 2009, 10:31 PM  #8  
Newbie Joined: Oct 2008 Posts: 6 Thanks: 0  Re: logic question Quote:
Say if the a little over than 1 mile is < 1.3 instead of 1.1 .. THen C can be the answer too . From 19.5  20.0 , 19.7  1.3 = 18.4 19.5 1.3 =18.2 where 19.7 and 19.5 would round off to 20 and 18.4 and 18.2 would round off to 18 . So my question remains , why can we be so sure that the assumption of a little over is < 1.1 ??  
October 20th, 2009, 10:58 AM  #9 
Global Moderator Joined: Dec 2006 Posts: 18,250 Thanks: 1439 
That doesn't work, since 1.2 is less than 1.3, but 19.65  1.2 = 18.45, so it isn't the case that the W18 sign must be less than 18.4 miles from Warrington.

October 20th, 2009, 06:14 PM  #10 
Newbie Joined: Oct 2009 Posts: 5 Thanks: 0  Re: logic question
In math problems, if something says "Just over..." it is standard for this to mean literally just enough to push it past whatever limit you're observing. An odd example that mightn't even be relevant, but whatever: if three towns lie on a straight line with each other, like: MuddywaterDullvilleSudstown and Muddywater to Dullville is 1 mile exactly, and Dullville to Sudstown is 5 miles. We have a cyclist at Muddywater, and he cycles just over 1 mile towards Sudstown. We now know that the cyclist is between Dullville and Sudstown, but we also know that the cyclist is almost touching Dullville  he's literally JUST gone past it. Now, if we draw a map of the M53 out like so: Code: 20.5 19.5 18.5 17.5 ... Warrington   *  *  *  Driver  W20  W19  W18  Start  in here  in here  in here   somewhere  somewhere  somewhere   for this to work, our map must look like: Code: 20.5 19.5 18.5 17.5 ... Warrington   * * *  Driver     Start          So, the W18 sign must be JUST past the 18.5 mile mark (like the cyclist was JUST past Dullville), which means it must be in the region 18.4 < W18 < 18.5, answer E. @skipjack  don't wanna steal your show, you've been explaining this well, I'm just trying to lay it out differently. @gladtoknow  It's a pretty difficult thing to pick up if you don't automatically understand it right off the bat, and if you need to I'll try to lay it out a different way again, with clearer steps, but it's late and i'm tired and have to be up in 4 hours for class =P 

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