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 Advanced Statistics Advanced Probability and Statistics Math Forum

 March 21st, 2012, 10:16 PM #1 Newbie   Joined: Dec 2010 Posts: 7 Thanks: 0 Probability problem Can someone please help me out with this problem, i would appreciate it a a lot! Based upon statistical studies it has been found that 0.18% of all births in the United States will result in triplets being born. If 26,900 births are selected at random what is the probability that a) at least 40 of them will result in triplets being born? b) between 25 and 50 of them will result in triplets being born? March 21st, 2012, 10:54 PM #2 Senior Member   Joined: Apr 2011 From: USA Posts: 782 Thanks: 1 Re: Probability problem If this were just a sample of x's instead of a proportion, could you do it? Cause it's not terribly much different. Instead of (standard error of sample mean) You have (standard error of a sample proportion) Your p = .0018 When you go to figure the probabilities, you have to convert the numbers to p's. Hence, 40/26900 would give you the p number you need, and you calculate the probability of it being bigger than that, etc. Just use the z equation like normal: (population) (sample mean) (sample proportion) If you take a good look at them, they're all essentially the same: point minus its mean, divided by its standard deviation. It just has to be relative to whatever point you're using. Can you go from here? March 22nd, 2012, 04:56 PM #3 Newbie   Joined: Dec 2010 Posts: 7 Thanks: 0 Re: Probability problem Ok so I tried it out and here are the answers that I got: A) .8871 B) .5895 Are those right? March 23rd, 2012, 02:27 AM #4 Senior Member   Joined: Apr 2011 From: USA Posts: 782 Thanks: 1 Re: Probability problem The first one I got .8869, but I'm fairly sure that's just rounding. This proves to me that you're getting the basic idea, but the second one is way, way off. Since the equations would all be the same, I suspect it's in figuring out what portion of the distribution (graph) you would be using. The 50 (~.0018587) would be to the right of the .0018. The 25 (~.0009294) is way far to the left. Best way to figure that is figuring everything to the left of the first one, and then subtracting everything to the left of the second. That is, let's saying you were looking for something between 2 and 7. Think of a number line. Everything to the left of 7 is, well, 7. And then you'd want to subtract off everything to the left of 2, which is 2. That leaves you 5 in between those. If that makes sense. (Hard to describe, but also a pain to try to draw and get the image on here.) The only thing is, everything to the left of .0009294 is essentially about nothing, so in the end there isn't really anything to subtract off. Tags probability, problem Thread Tools Show Printable Version Email this Page Display Modes Linear Mode Switch to Hybrid Mode Switch to Threaded Mode Similar Threads Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post bsjmath Advanced Statistics 2 March 1st, 2014 02:50 PM ystiang Advanced Statistics 1 February 13th, 2014 04:27 PM Vasia Probability and Statistics 0 December 15th, 2012 01:48 AM adiptadatta Probability and Statistics 1 May 11th, 2010 06:46 AM indian Algebra 0 February 21st, 2008 04:10 PM

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