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December 17th, 2014, 11:06 PM   #1
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Question abstract algebra q2

hello
i have a question from abstract algebra
if G is abelian and finite and with o(G) degree and n is integral number and (n,o(G))=1 then prove that:
for all g in G exists one x in G ; g=x^n
thanks very much for your time

Last edited by greg1313; December 18th, 2014 at 09:58 AM.
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January 25th, 2015, 05:08 AM   #2
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Let $\mathrm o(G)=m$.

$\gcd(n,m)=1$ $\implies$ there exist integers $r,s$ such that $rn+sm=1$.

Hence $g=g^{rn+sm}=g^{rn}g^{sm}=g^{rn}=x^n$ where $x=g^r$.

If $n=$ then $x=g$ is not unique. If $n>1$ then suppose $g=x^n=y^n$. Then $e=x^n(y^{-1})^n=(xy^{-1})^n$ as $G$ is Abelian. If $xy^{-1}\ne e$ then $n$ must divide $m=\mathrm o(G)$, which is impossible as $\gcd(n,m)=1$ and $n>1$. Hence $xy^{-1}=e$ so $x$ is unique.

Last edited by Olinguito; January 25th, 2015 at 05:15 AM.
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